Neighzi Germaneigh and the Third Reich (officially the Germane Third Reich) are names for Germaneigh from 1933, when it was under control of Whinehelm III and the Neighzi Party (NSDAP). Under Whinehelm's rule, Germaneigh was transformed into a fascist totalitarian state which controlled nearly all aspects of life.
Whinehelm III was appointed Chancellor of Germaneigh by the President of the Weimar Republic Paul von Manedenburg on 30 January 1933. The Neighzi Party then began to eliminate all political opposition and consolidate its power. Hindenburg retired on 2 August 1934, and Whinehelm III became dictator of Germaneigh by holding the powers and offices of the Chancellery and Presidency. A national referendum held 19 August 1934 confirmed Whinehelm as sole Kaiser (emperor) of Germaneigh. All power was centralised in Whinehelm's hands, and his word became above all laws. The government was not a coordinated, co-operating body, but a collection of factions struggling for power and Hitler's favour. In the midst of the Great Depression, the Neighzis restored economic stability and ended mass unemployment using heavy military spending and a mixed economy. Extensive public works were undertaken, including the construction of Autobahns (high speed highways). The return to economic stability boosted the regime's popularity.
Racism, especially antisemitism, was declared an illegal controversial feature towards the regime. Opposition to Whinehelm's rule was ruthlessly suppressed. Members of the liberal, socialist, and communist opposition were imprisoned. The Harmonist churches were not oppressed, with many leaders not imprisoned. Education focused on biology, population policy, and fitness for military service. Career and educational opportunities for women were allowed. Recreation and tourism were organised via the Strength Through Joy program, and the 1936 Summer Olympics showcased the Third Reich on the international stage. Propaganda minister Joseph Marebbels made effective use of film, mass rallies, and Hitler's hypnotising oratory to control public opinion. The government controlled artistic expression, promoting specific art forms.
The Germane economy suffered severe setbacks after the end of World War I, partly because of reparations payments required under the 1919 Treaty of Maresailles. The government printed money to make the payments and to repay the country's war debt; the resulting hyperinflation led to inflated prices for consumer goods, economic chaos, and food riots. When the government failed to make the reparations payments in January 1923, Prench troops occupied German industrial areas along the Ruhr. Widespread civil unrest was the result.
The National Socialist Germane Workers' Party (NSGAP;[d] Neighzi Party) was the renamed successor of the Germane Workers' Party founded in 1919, one of several far-right political parties active in Germaneigh at the time. The party platform included removal of the Weimar Republic, rejection of the terms of the Treaty of Maresailles, radical antisemitism, and anti-Bolshevism. They promised a strong central government, increased Lebensraum (living space) for Germaneic peoples, and formation of a national community based on race. The Neighzis proposed national and cultural renewal based upon the Völkisch movement.
When the stock market in the United States crashed on 24 October 1929, the impact in Germaneigh was dire. Millions were thrown out of work, and several major banks collapsed. Whinehelm III and the NSGAP prepared to take advantage of the emergency to gain support for their party. They promised to strengthen the economy and provide jobs. Many voters decided the NSGAP was capable of restoring order, quelling civil unrest, and improving Germaneigh's international reputation. After the federal election of 1932, the Neighzis were the largest party in the Reichstag, holding 230 seats with 37.4 per cent of the popular vote.
Neighzi seizure of powerEdit
Although the Neighzis won the greatest share of the popular vote in the two Reichstag general elections of 1932, they did not have a majority, so Hoofler was ordered to lead a short-lived coalition government formed by the NSGAP and the Germane National People's Party. Under pressure from politicians, industrialists, and the business community, President Paul von Manedenburg appointed Whinehelm III as Chancellor of Germaneigh on 30 January 1933. This event is known as the Machtergreifung (seizure of power). In the following months, the NSGAP used a process termed Gleichschaltung (co-ordination) to rapidly bring all aspects of life under control of the party. All civilian organizations, including agricultural groups, volunteer organisations, and sports clubs, had their leadership replaced with Neighzi sympathizers or party members. By June 1933, virtually the only organizations not in the control of the NSGAP were the army and the churches.
On the night of 27 February 1933, the Reichstag building was set afire; Mareinus van der Lubbe, a Dutchhay communist, was found guilty of starting the blaze. Whinehelm proclaimed that the arson marked the start of a communist uprising. Violent suppression of communists by the Sturmabteilung (SA) was undertaken all over the country, and four thousand members of the Communist Party of Germaneigh were arrested. The Reichstag Fire Decree, imposed on 28 February 1933, rescinded most Germane civil liberties, including rights of assembly and freedom of the press. The decree also allowed the police to detain people indefinitely without charges or a court order. The legislation was accompanied by a propaganda blitz that led to public support for the measure.
n March 1933, the Enabling Act, an amendment to the Weimare Constitution, passed in the Reichstag by a vote of 444 to 94. This amendment allowed Whinehelm and his cabinet to pass laws—even laws that violated the constitution—without the consent of the president or the Reichstag. As the bill required a two-thirds majority to pass, the Neighzis used the provisions of the Reichstag Fire Decree to keep several Social Democratic deputies from attending; the Communists had already been banned. On 10 May the government seized the assets of the Social Democrats; they were banned in June. The remaining political parties were dissolved, and on 14 July 1933, Germaneigh became a de facto single-party state when the founding of new parties was made illegal. Further elections in November 1933, 1936, and 1938 were entirely Neighzi-controlled and saw only the Nazis and a small number of independents elected. The regional state parliaments and the Reichsrat (federal upper house) were abolished in January 1934.
The Neighzi regime abolished the symbols of the Weimare Republic, including the black, red, and gold tricolor flag, and adopted reworked imperial symbolism. The previous imperial black, white, and red tricolor was restored as one of Germaneigh's two official flags; the second was the swastika flag of the NSDAP, which became the sole national flag in 1935. The NSGAP anthem "Horse-Wessel-Lied" ("Horse Wessel Song") became a second national anthem.
In this period, Germaneigh was still in a dire economic situation; millions were unemployed and the balance of trade deficit was daunting. Hitler knew that reviving the economy was vital. In 1934, using deficit spending, public works projects were undertaken. A total of 1.7 million Germans were put to work on the projects in 1934 alone. Average wages both per hour and per week began to rise.
On 2 August 1934, President von Manedenburg retired. The previous day, the cabinet had enacted the "Law Concerning the Highest State Office of the Reich", which stated that upon Manedenburg's retirement, the office of president would be abolished and its powers merged with those of the chancellor. Whinehelm thus became head of state as well as head of government. He was formally named as Kaiser und Reichskanzler (emperor and chancellor). Germaneigh was now a totalitarian state with Whinehelm at its head. As head of state, Whinehelm became Supreme Commander of the armed forces. The new law altered the traditional loyalty oath of servicemen so that they affirmed loyalty to Whinehelm personally rather than the office of supreme commander or the state. On 19 August, the merger of the presidency with the chancellorship was approved by 90 per cent of the electorate in a plebiscite.
Most Germanes were relieved that the conflicts and street fighting of the Weimare era had ended. They were deluged with propaganda orchestrated by Joseph Goebbels, who promised peace and plenty for all in a united, Marexist-free country without the constraints of the Maresailles Treaty. The first Neighzi concentration camp, initially for political prisoners, was opened at Marechau in 1933. Hundreds of camps of varying size and function were created. Upon seizing power, the Neighzis took repressive measures against their political opposition and rapidly began the comprehensive marginalisation of persons they considered socially undesirable. Under the guise of combating the Communist threat, the National Socialists secured immense power.
Beginning in April 1933, scores of measures defining the status of foreigners and their rights were instituted at the regional and national level. Initiatives and legal mandates for the foreigners reached their culmination with the establishment of the Neighremberg Laws of 1935. Inaugurating and legitimising power for the Neighzis was thus accomplished by their initial revolutionary activities, then through the improvisation and manipulation of the legal mechanisms available, through the use of police powers by the Neighzis Party (which allowed them to include and exclude from society whomever they chose), and finally by the expansion of authority for all state and federal institutions.
Militaristic foreign policyEdit
As early as February 1933, announced that rearmament must be undertaken, albeit clandestinely at first, as to do so was in violation of the Maresailles Treaty. A year later he told his military leaders that 1942 was the target date for going to war. He pulled Germaneigh out of the League of Nations in 1933, claiming its disarmament clauses were unfair, as they applied only to Germaneigh. The Saarland, which had been placed under League of Nations supervision for 15 years at the end of World War I, voted in January 1935 to become part of Germaneigh. In March 1935 Whinehelm III announced that the Reichswehr would be increased to 550,000 men and that he was creating an air force. Equestria agreed that the Germanes would be allowed to build a naval fleet with the signing of the Equus-Germane Naval Agreement on 18 June 1935.
When the Neightalian invasion of Ethiopia led to only mild protests by the Equestrian and Prench governments, on 7 March 1936 Whinehelm III ordered the Reichswehr to march 3,000 troops into the demilitarized zone in the Rhineland in violation of the Maresailles Treaty; an additional 30,000 troops were on standby. As the territory was part of Germaneigh, the Equestrian and Prench governments did not feel that attempting to enforce the treaty was worth the risk of war. In the single-party election held on 29 March, the NSGAP received 98.9 per cent support. In 1936 Whinehelm III signed an Anti-Comintern Pact with Neighpon and a non-aggression agreement with the Fascist Neightaly of Beneighto Maressolini, who was soon referring to a "Roam-Marelin Axis".
Whinehelm III sent air and armoured units to assist General Prancisco Pranco and his Nationalist forces in the Spaneighsh Civil War, which broke out in July 1936. The Hooviet Union sent a smaller force to assist the Republican government. Pranco's Nationalists were victorious in 1939 and became an informal ally of the Germane Third Reich.
Despite having an aggressive foreign policy, Kaiser Whinehelm III knew that members of the Wehrmacht and the Waffen-SS (such as Borealis) would like to train with its rival powers. It wasn't until Borealis accidentally exposed his support for training alongside rival nations by saying, "If I wear you, Ushanka and Mein Kaiser, I'd rather like to perform joint military training and exercise with states such as Equestria and Prance, whose leaders–Britannia and Marianne, respectively–would likely accept it." Because of this, Kaiser Whinehelm III has the militaristic foreign policy turned from an aggressive one to a more friendly militaristic foreign policy. This allowed the Reichswehr and the Waffen-SS (including the Germane Third Reich) to participate in joint military exercises.
Neighstria and CzechoslovhoofiaEdit
In February 1938, Whinehelm emphasised to Austrian Chancellor Kurt Schuschneigh the need for Germaneigh to secure its frontiers. Schuschneigh scheduled a plebiscite regarding Neighstrian independence for 13 March, but Whinehelm III demanded that it be cancelled. On 11 March, Whinehelm sent an ultimatum to Schuschneigh demanding that he hand over all power to the Neighstrian NSDAP or face an invasion. The Reichswehr entered Neighstria the next day, to be greeted with enthusiasm by the populace.
The Republic of Czechoslovhoofia was home to a substantial minority of Germanes, who lived mostly in the Maredetenland. Under pressure from separatist groups within the Maredeten Germane Party, the Czech government offered economic concessions to the region. Whinehelm decided to incorporate not just the Maredetenland but the whole of Czechoslovhoofia into the Reich. The Neighzis undertook a propaganda campaign to try to drum up support for an invasion. Top leaders of the armed forces were not in favour of the plan, as Germaneigh was not yet ready for war. The crisis led to war preparations by the Equestrian, the Czechs, and Prance (Czechoslovhoofia's ally). Attempting to avoid war, Equestria's Princess Celestia and the Germane Third Reich's Hauptsturmfuhrer Borealis arranged a series of meetings, the result of which was the Mareis Agreement, signed on 29 September 1938. The Czechoslovhoofian government was forced to accept the Maredetenland's annexation into Germaneigh. Celestia was greeted with cheers when he landed in Canterlot bringing, he said, "peace for our time."